Glossary of Terms
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The light emitted after removal of an energy source. A wick may tend to “glow” and burn down slightly even after it has been extinguished.
The fragrance emitted from a candle when it is not burning.
Any candle poured directly into the container from which it will be burned.
Refers to the interior of a candle. Also used to reference the inner material of a candle wick (may include zinc, cotton or paper).
Used to refer to wicks, this indicates there is no core material.
To allow a candle to set, or age, to help enhance the fragrance.
Two nested pans with water in the lower one, designed to allow slow, even heating.
Adding one ounce of fragrance per pound of wax.
Colorants that are used to give color to wax.
Floater (floating candle)
A shallow candle with a significantly tapered base that will float in water.
A blend of synthetic and/or natural components used to create scented oil.
An outer shell of wax with a high melt point that may be decorated and is not intended for burning. There will be an inner candle that can be burned and/or replaced.
The wax that liquefies as a candle burns.
A form used to create a freestanding candle. They are usually made of metal.
Small cone shaped rubber pieces used to close the hole in the bottom of a mold.
An agent used to coat the inside of a mold to make removing the candle easier.
A clay-like substance use to seal the hole on the bottom of a mold, used to block the extra space left around the wick on the outside of the mold.
A surface effect in wax that has a snowflake type appearance.
MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet)
Product safety information sheets prepared by manufacturers and marketers of products.
Carbon build up on the tip of a wick after burning.
Coating a finished candle with an alternate wax for color or other effects.
A candle made in a mold and meant to be free-standing.
Term used when referring to wicking; meaning coated with wax.
The action of filling the cavity left after wax has completely cooled to make the top of the candle level.
See Fragrance oil
The fragrance emitted by a candle. (See also cold and hot throw)
Single pour wax
A wax that does not shrink enough to require a second pour.
Cavity that is formed when a wax hardens and contracts.
Product made from water crystals, used as an air freshener and not intended to be heated.
An all natural wax made of soy beans. A clean burning wax that is a natural alternative to paraffin.
Used to increase opaqueness, slow burning, and harden wax.
See Chatter marks
Fragrance oil that is man-made.
A small portion of scented wax used in a tart burner. Can be made in various shapes, but is commonly a 2.5” diameter.
A device that has a votive or tealight in a lower compartment with an open cupped area on top where a tart can be heated.
A small, self-contained candle usually poured in a tin cup measuring approximately 1.5” in diameter and 0.5” tall.
Adding 1.5 ounces of fragrance per pound of wax.
When a wick does not make a full melt pool in a candle leaving a ring of unmelted wax on the sides.
A polymer used primarily to aid in fragrance oil retention, also increases opacity and enhances color. A modern alternative to stearic acid.
An area where wax has pulled away from parts of a container leaving spots; a common problem with container candles. Also referred to as delamination.
Material that delivers fuel to the flame in a candle.
A small metal bar used when making candles to stabilize a wick at the top of a candle
Wick clip assembly
A precut length of wick with a wick tab already crimped in place.
Takes the place of the wick while pouring votive or pillar candles. It is removed when the candle is completely cool, and a wick is inserted in its place.
A flat metal disc with a small hole in the center for a wick; holds the wick at the bottom of a candle.
- Candle Waxes and Additives
- Candle Containers
- Candle Molds
- Candle Wicks
- Fragrance Oils / Candle Scents
- Candle Dyes
- Candle Making Equipment
- Step by Step Guides
- Other Helpful Resources
Most all of our containers and lids are sold separately so you can mix and match and create the look YOU want!